The RT-qPCR test detects the genome (RNA) of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) virus.
- 5 mL - blood - K3 EDTA tube
- 5mL - liquor (CSF) - sterile tube
- 2 to 5 working days
What is Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis?
- Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or encephalomyelitis (VEE).
- VEE can affect all equine species, such as horses, donkeys and zebras.
- After infection, equines may suddenly die or show progressive central nervous system disorders. Humans also can contract this disease.
- WEE viruses affect the nervous system, so affected animals will have fever, depression and changes in behaviour.
- Signs of infection may also include impaired vision, muscle twitches, circling or head pressing behaviours, the inability to swallow, paralysis and convulsions.
- For VEE, death rates are variable but can be as high as 90%.
- The virus is transmitted to people and horses by bites from infected mosquitoes and birds during wet, summer months.
Vaccines for EEE are available for horses.
Measures to control mosquito populations and minimize mosquito exposure will decrease chances of infection.