Your Horse's Health Experts!

Comprehensive Guide to Horse Health Care and Wellness for Owners

Dear Horse owner,   

As a horse owner, you play a critical   role in ensuring your horse's health and happiness.

With the right knowledge and care, you can keep your horse in tip-top shape for years to come. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with tips and advice on how to take care of your horse, covering all aspects of horse health and wellness.

Basic Horse Anatomy

Knowing your horse's anatomy is important for understanding how to take care of them and detecting any potential health problems.

Make sure to familiarize yourself with your horse's anatomy, including their bones, muscles, and organs, to help you better understand their needs and detect any problems early.

It's important to take the time to learn about your horse's anatomy, from their hooves to their organs.


Your horse's diet is the foundation of their health and well-being.

Make sure to provide your horse with a balanced diet that includes fiber, protein, carbohydrates, and access to clean water at all times.

Consider your horse's age, breed, and activity level when planning their diet and address any special needs, such as weight management or dental issues.

Keep an eye on your horse's weight and body condition to make sure their diet is meeting their nutritional needs.


Exercise is essential for your horse's physical and mental health.

Choose the right type of exercise for your horse's age, breed, and physical condition, and aim to exercise them regularly to improve their muscle tone, cardiovascular fitness, and joint mobility.

A combination of regular exercise and a balanced diet will help keep your horse happy and healthy.


Vaccinations are an important way to protect your horse from serious diseases, such as Influenza, Tetanus, Herpesvirus, West Nile, Arteritis, Strangles and rabies.

Work with a veterinarian to create a vaccination schedule that takes into account the different types of vaccines, including core and non-core vaccines.

By getting your horse vaccinated regularly, you can help protect them from serious and potentially life-threatening diseases.

Dental Care

Good dental care is critical for your horse's overall health and comfort. Make sure to schedule regular dental check-ups with a veterinarian to catch any potential dental problems early.

Keep an eye on your horse's chewing and biting patterns and seek veterinary care if you notice any changes that may indicate dental problems.

Regular dental care will help keep your horse's teeth and gums healthy, allowing them to eat comfortably and maintain a healthy weight.

Parasite Control

Parasites can be a significant health issue for horses, causing problems such as anemia, weight loss, and digestive upset.

Parasite control is an important aspect of horse care, but it's important to find the right balance. Over-treating your horse with parasite control measures can lead to parasite resistance, making it harder to effectively treat them in the future. The key is to strike a balance between parasite control and proper diagnosis.

Start by speaking with your veterinarian to develop a customized parasite control plan for your horse. They can perform a fecal egg count to determine the level of parasite burden and make informed decisions about treatment. It's also important to maintain good hygiene practices, like removing manure regularly and rotating pasture, to help reduce the spread of parasites.

Keep in mind, effective parasite control begins with a balanced approach that includes proper testing and regular check-ups with your veterinarian.

Don't let parasites get the best of you, take control with a balanced approach.

Skin and Coat Care

It's important to not only keep your horse's skin and coat in top condition, but also to be aware of underlying health and well-being issues that may affect their appearance.

Did you know that an unkempt coat and skin abnormalities can be a sign of equine metabolic syndrome or PPID (pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction)?

Keeping a close eye on your horse's glucose and insulin levels can also help prevent these conditions from developing.

Regular grooming, including brushing and bathing, can help keep your horse's skin and coat healthy and shiny.

So, take the time to groom your horse regularly and watch for any changes in their coat or skin. Make sure to check your horse regularly for any signs of skin problems, such as itching, sores, or scabs, and seek veterinary care if you notice anything unusual.

 If you notice anything unusual, don't hesitate to reach out to your veterinarian for a check-up. Your horse's health and well-being are worth it!

Hoof Care

A healthy hoof is key to a horse's overall wellbeing, and can be a warning sign of larger health issues like Laminitis.

Laminitis, which is often related to changes in insulin and glucose levels, can cause severe pain and lameness in horses, so it's crucial to be vigilant and monitor your horse's hoof health.

 It is recommended to regularly monitor and maintain healthy levels of glucose and insulin to prevent the onset of laminitis.

In addition to monitoring these levels, it is also important to regularly check the horse's hooves for any signs of damage or infection.

Here are some tips to keep your horse's hooves healthy:

  • Regular hoof trims: Schedule regular hoof trims with your farrier to keep your horse's hooves well-maintained and to prevent problems from developing.
  • Proper diet: Provide your horse with a balanced diet that includes plenty of fiber, vitamins, and minerals to support hoof health.
  • Turnout: Allowing your horse to move around and stretch its legs can help stimulate blood flow to the hooves and promote healthy hoof growth.
  • Protection from the elements: Make sure your horse is protected from harsh weather conditions, such as extreme heat or wet conditions, which can weaken hooves.

By following these tips, you can help keep your horse's hooves strong and healthy, and avoid issues like Laminitis.

Remember, a happy and healthy hoof is key to a happy and healthy horse!

 Genetic testing

As equine genetic tests are becoming increasingly important in modern horse care, by conducting genetic tests, horse owners can prevent and/or plan for any potential genetic diseases that their horses may carry.

Some common genetic diseases in horses include Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (PSSM1), Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP), and Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA). 

PSSM1 is a genetic muscle disorder that can cause symptoms such as muscle weakness, tying-up, and cramping.

HYPP is a genetic condition that affects a horse's muscle function and can cause symptoms such as muscle tremors and collapse.

CA is a genetic nervous system disorder that affects a horse's coordination and balance.

Horse owners should consider conducting genetic tests on their horses, especially when planning for breeding or if they suspect their horse may have a genetic condition. These tests can provide valuable information that can help horse owners make informed decisions about their horse's care and well-being.

And don't forget, PSSM1, HYPP, and CA are just a few of the many genetic diseases that can impact our equine friends.

Different breeds can be more prone to certain conditions, so it's always a good idea to stay informed and consider genetic testing as part of your horse's overall health plan.

 Regular Check-Ups and Disease Prevention

While regular vaccinations and parasite control, and the points mention above are important, there are other things you can do to help ensure the well-being of your horse.

In this blog post, I want to share with you some recommendations for routine health check-ups and disease prevention.

  • Regular Physical Examinations: It's important to have your horse examined by a veterinarian at least once a year, or more often if you notice any changes in behavior or appearance.
During these exams, the veterinarian will check the horse's overall health, including its weight, temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate.
  • Laboratory Tests: Regular blood and urine tests can give you and your veterinarian important information about your horse's health. These tests can help detect diseases in the early stages, which is crucial for effective treatment.
Some of the tests that are commonly done include complete blood count, electrolyte panel, liver and kidney function tests, and more.
I hope these tips help you keep your horse healthy and happy.
Remember, the key to disease prevention is early detection, so make sure to have regular check-ups and laboratory tests done. If you have any questions or concerns, don't hesitate to consult your veterinarian.

By staying on top of your horse's health and wellness, you can ensure that they stay happy and healthy for years to come.

First Aid and Emergencies for Horse Owners

As a horse owner, it's important to be prepared for any potential emergencies that may arise.

Whether it's a minor injury or a more serious issue, having a basic understanding of first aid techniques and having a well-stocked first aid kit on hand can make a huge difference in the outcome of an emergency situation.

Common horse emergencies can include lacerations, colic, and respiratory distress. These can occur suddenly and without warning, so it's important to be prepared to act quickly and effectively.

Here are some tips for first aid emergencies:

  • Always have a well-stocked first aid kit on hand and make sure you are familiar with its contents and how to use them.
  • Familiarize yourself with basic first aid techniques such as wound cleaning and bandaging, dealing with injuries such as fractures and sprains, and recognizing symptoms of serious conditions such as colic and heat strokes.
  • Make sure you have the contact information of your local veterinarian readily available and know when to call for help.
  • If you have a horse that is prone to certain types of emergencies, such as colic or laminitis, be proactive in monitoring its health and take appropriate preventative measures.
  • Keep your horse's environment safe and free of hazards, such as sharp objects, loose wires, and toxic plants.
  • Stay calm and assess the situation before taking action.
  • Always wear protective equipment such as gloves when administering first aid to your horse.
  • After providing first aid, continue to monitor your horse's condition and seek veterinary help if necessary.
  • It's also important to know when to call your veterinarian. If you're uncertain about the severity of an injury or illness, or if your horse is showing signs of severe distress, it's always best to err on the side of caution and seek professional veterinary care.

In conclusion, being prepared for emergencies and knowing basic first aid techniques can make a big difference in the outcome of an emergency situation.

As a horse owner, it's important to stay informed and knowledgeable about horse first aid so you can provide the best possible care for your horse in the event of an emergency.


In conclusion, horse health and wellness is a complex and multifaceted subject. Regular monitoring and check-ups, proper dental care, parasite control, skin and coat care, hoof care, genetic testing and first aid emergencies are all important components to keep in mind.

By staying on top of your horse's health and well-being, you can ensure that they live a long and happy life.

As a friendly note, we hope that you found this guide to horse health and wellness helpful.

Keep an eye out for more in-depth articles on these important topics in the future!