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Equine Piroplasmosis IFAT

Equine Piroplasmosis IFAT

Vendor
Equigerminal
Regular price
€87.00
Sale price
€87.00
Unit price
per 
Tax included.

Our Equine Piroplasmosis iFAT Test provides accurate detection of antibodies to Babesia caballi and Theileria equi, the primary agents responsible for Equine Piroplasmosis. This test ensures high quality and reliability.

Product Overview

  • iFAT Test: Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test for detecting antibodies to Babesia caballi and Theileria equi. Follows ISO/IEC 17025 standards, ensuring high quality and reliability.

Sample Requirements

  • 5 mL of blood or serum - collect blood in a dry tube for iFAT

Turnaround Time

Standard Processing: Results in 2 working days after sample arrival at the laboratory. Clients are responsible for organizing and covering the costs of sending the samples to the laboratory.

What is Piroplasmosis?

Equine piroplasmosis (EP) is a tick-borne disease of horses caused by the intraerythrocytic protozoan parasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi. These agents are transmitted through a tick vector. Infected animals may remain carriers of these blood parasites for long periods and act as sources of infection for other ticks. The parasites are found in southern Europe, Asia, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Africa, Cuba, South and Central America, and parts of the southern United States.

Clinical Signs

  • Incubation period: 12 to 19 days for T. equi and 10 to 30 days for B. caballi.
  • Per-acute form: Rare, with only clinical observation being moribund or dead animals.
  • Acute form: Fever, reduced appetite, elevated respiratory and pulse rates, congestion of mucous membranes, dark red urine, smaller and drier faecal balls, anaemia, and/or icterus.
  • Subacute form: Similar to acute form but with weight loss and intermittent fever. Mucous membranes may vary from pale pink to bright yellow.
  • Chronic form: Mild inappetence, poor performance, weight loss. Documented case fatality rates vary from 10–50%.

Transmission

Babesia caballi sporozoites invade red blood cells (RBCs), transforming into trophozoites which divide into merozoites, capable of infecting new RBCs. B. caballi can be found in various organs of tick vectors and transmit transovarially.

Theileria equi sporozoites, inoculated into horses via a tick bite, invade lymphocytes, develop into schizonts, and release merozoites that invade RBCs. T. equi develop in the salivary glands of the tick vector and are not transmitted transovarially. Transmission is also possible through mechanical vectors contaminated by infected blood.

Prevention

Sanitary Prophylaxis: Testing and controlling tick exposure, using repellents, acaricides, and regular inspections, controlling and eradicating the tick vector, and quarantining EP-positive animals.

Medical Prophylaxis: No current biological products are available. Antiprotozoal agents only temporarily clear T. equi from carriers.

How It Works

How It Works

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